Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Deepening drought hits Ethiopia herders as millions go hungry

Deepening drought hits Ethiopia herders as millions go hungry

Updated: Thu, 17 Aug 2017-09:57pm IST, Reuters
ROME, Aug 17 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Livestock are dying in parts of Ethiopia that are overwhelmingly reliant on their milk as deepening drought pushes up the number of districts in need of life-saving aid by 19 percent, according to a report released on Thursday.
At least 8.5 million people in 228 districts of Ethiopia need urgent food aid in the second half of the year, up from 5.6 million in January, according to the study published on ReliefWeb, a website run by the United Nations.
Ethiopia's eastern Somali region is one of the country's worst affected zones and is home to a quarter of the country's cases of severe acute malnutrition, U.N. agencies said.
Severe acute malnutrition is a condition that kills up to half of sufferers under five years old.
"The number of districts requiring immediate, life-saving intervention increased to levels not seen since the height of the El Niño drought impacts in 2016," said the joint report, which was compiled by the U.N. and the Ethiopian government.
Eastern and southern Africa were hit hard last year by drought exacerbated by El Niño - a warming of sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean - that wilted crops, slowed economic growth and drove food prices higher.
A strong aid response almost halved the number of Ethiopians needing food aid to 5.6 million since mid-2016. But the devastating drought was followed by poor spring rains this year in the southern and eastern parts of the country.
Since the end of last year, about 2 million animals have died in Somali region, which is home to many herding communities, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
"For livestock-dependent families, the animals can literally mean the difference between life and death, especially for children, pregnant and nursing women for whom milk is a crucial source of nutrition," FAO said in a statement last week.
The U.N. agency is helping the worst hit communities to protect their remaining livestock with vaccinations, supplementary feed and water, and improved fodder production.
"It is crucial to provide this support between now and October – when rains are due – to begin the recovery process and prevent further losses of animals," said Abdoul Karim Bah, FAO's deputy representative in Ethiopia.
"If we don't act now, hunger and malnutrition will only get worse among (herding) communities," he said.
(This article has not been edited by DNA's editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)

Ethiopia receives 3.4 bln USD in loans, grants in 12 months - Xinhua

Source: Xinhua| 2017-08-17 19:53:23|Editor: Zhou Xin
ADDIS ABABA, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) -- Ethiopia has obtained 3.4 billion U.S. dollars in grants and loans from multilateral and bilateral partners during the 2016/17 Ethiopian Fiscal Year (EFY) that ended July 8.
Speaking to Xinhua on Thursday, Haji Ibsa Communications Director at Ethiopia Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation said the financial assistance will be used to execute new or ongoing projects.
The foreign loans and grants covered 18 percent of the 12.7 billion U.S. dollars budget for the 2016/17 fiscal year.
The East African nation has in recent years been able to mobilize greater amount of tax and non-tax revenue, allowing it to cover more than 80 percent of its budgetary needs.
With its domestic financial ability on the rise, Ethiopia has increased its 2017/18 budget by 9.6 percent to 13.9 billion U.S. dollars.
Ibsa, however, said with Ethiopia's exports revenue underachieving, earning the country 2.91 billion dollars during 2016/17, lower than the set target of 4.75 billion dollars, Ethiopia has had to make some adjustments.
It has suspended obtaining commercial loans whose interest rate is higher and whose repayment period is shorter.
Ibsa also dismissed concerns that Ethiopia's debt to Growth Domestic Product (GDP) ratio is unsustainable, saying that it is now at 23 percent, far lower than the international risk threshold of 56 percent.

Monday, August 14, 2017

UN agency sounds alarm as drought-stricken herders in Ethiopia face massive livestock losses | Indiablooms - First Portal on Digital News Management

UN agency sounds alarm as drought-stricken herders in Ethiopia face massive livestock losses

UN agency sounds alarm as drought-stricken herders in Ethiopia face massive livestock losses

India Blooms News Service

New York, Aug 11(Just Earth News): Drought has devastated herders' livelihoods as it exhausted pastures and water sources, the United Nations agriculture agency said on Friday, stressing that supporting them to get back on their feet and prevent further livestock losses are crucial in the Horn of Africa country, where hunger has been on the rise this year.

The drought has led to a significant number of animals dying or falling ill, particularly in the southern and south-eastern regions of the country, as other areas recover from previous seasons' El Niño-induced drought,” warned the Food and Agriculture Organization of the (FAO).
FAO pointed out that drought-hit pastoralists face reduced milk production, rising malnutrition, and have limited income-earning capacity and severely constrained access to food.
“Some 8.5 million people – one in 12 people – are now suffering from hunger; of these, 3.3 million people live in Somali Region,” said the UN agriculture agency.
The current food and nutrition crisis is significantly aggravated by the severe blow to pastoral livelihoods. For livestock-dependent families, the animals can literally mean the difference between life and death – especially for children, pregnant and nursing mothers, for whom milk is a crucial source of nutrition.
With up to two million animals lost so far, FAO is focusing on providing emergency livestock support to the most vulnerable pastoralist communities through animal vaccination and treatment, supplementary feed and water, rehabilitating water points, and supporting fodder and feed production.
“It is crucial to provide this support between now and October – when rains are due – to begin the recovery process and prevent further losses of animals. If we don't act now, hunger and malnutrition will only get worse among pastoral communities,” said Abdoul Karim Bah, FAO Deputy Representative in Ethiopia.
By providing supplementary feed and water for livestock, while simultaneously supporting fodder production, FAO seeks to protect core breeding animals and enable drought-hit families to rebuild their livelihoods.
In addition to FAO-supported destocking and cash-for-work programmes to provide cash for families, animal health campaigns will be reinforced to protect animals, particularly before the rain sets in – when they are at their weakest and more susceptible to parasites or infectious diseases.
Funding appeal
FAO urgently requires $20 million between August and December to come to the aid of Ethiopia's farmers and herders.
FAO has already assisted almost 500,000 drought-hit people in 2017 through a mix of livestock feed provision, destocking and animal health interventions, thanks to the support of the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund, Switzerland, Spain, Sweden through FAO's Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities, the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund, as well as FAO's own Early Warning Early Action fund and Technical Cooperation Programme.
Photo: WFP/Melese Awoke
Source: www.justearthnews.com

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

The Humanitarian Crisis Unfolding Abroad | WAMU



Men, women and children line up to be registered with the World Food Programme in South Sudan. South Sudan no longer has areas in famine, but almost 2 million people are on the brink of starvation. (Sam Mednick/AP)
With guest host Jane Clayson.
Famine. 20 million people now on the brink in Africa and the Middle East. We’ve got reporters on the frontlines.
Right now, today, the largest humanitarian crisis since World War II is unfolding from Yemen to Nigeria. 20 million people on the edge of famine. But most Americans don’t know it. Three reporters from the Christian Science Monitor went to see the crisis first-hand. In Madagascar, Ethiopia and Somaliland. They join us. This hour On Point: Drought and hunger now in the Middle East and Africa. — Jane Clayson

Guests

Peter Ford, global affairs correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor. (@peterfordcsm)
Ryan Lenora Brown, Africa correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor. (@ryanlenorabrown)
Scott Peterson, Middle East correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor. (@peterson__scott)
Geoffrey Dabelko, director of the Environmental Studies Program at Ohio University’s School of Leadership and Public Affairs. Co-editor of, “Green Planet Blues: Critical Perspectives on Global Environmental Politics.”  (@geoffdabelko)

From The Reading List

Christian Science Monitor: How a 20-million-person crisis goes unseen — “The world is facing its worst humanitarian crisis since World War II, with 20 million people on the brink of famine, and hardly anybody knows about it. Out of the media spotlight, the droughts and civil conflicts that are pushing the Horn of Africa, Yemen, and Nigeria into starvation are going unnoticed. And the humanitarian agencies trying to help are struggling to collect the money they need to help.”
Christian Science Monitor: Can famine be checked as Africa faces its worst crisis since the 1980s? — “From Madagascar to Ethiopia to Somalia and beyond, governments, international aid agencies, and the villagers they help are building up “community resilience.” That’s the new buzzword in humanitarian circles: It is seen as key to ensuring that farmers and herders have something to hold onto when drought strikes, rather than cycling endlessly in and out of disaster.”
Christian Science Monitor: Amid persistent drought, a nation of herders plots a new course — “Still, unlike so many Somalis forced to roam in search of scarce fodder and water, Madar is staying put – a major goal for a region whose centuries-old pastoralist culture is, out of necessity, beginning to envision a more sustainable future. That means improving water and aid systems. But it could also mean deep changes to most Somalis’ traditional way of life, shifting away from the nomadic patterns of camel- and livestock-herding to more stable – and anchored – livelihoods.”
Are you interested in donating to hunger relief efforts? Visit the Global Emergency Response Coalition for more information.
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Ethiopia: 8.5 ሚሊየን ኢትዮጵያውያን አስቸኳይ የምግብ እርዳታ ያስፈልጋቸዋል - ENN News

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Food crisis causing East Africa to return to sad times -Galway Independent


Wednesday, 2nd August, 2017 12:19pm
“When there is no light, shine forth. When there is apathy, show caring for another. When there is a famine, be bread to the hungry soul. When despair is rampant, inspire someone. When there is a drought of faith, be a well spring of hope.” (A Prayer for Help).
Recently I was discussing Gorta-Self Help Africa’s work at a meeting with supporters from around the country, explaining our aims, and the efforts that we are taking to help to combat the current crisis in East Africa.

For many, like me, who are old enough to remember the 1980s, the current food and drought crisis in East Africa is not dissimilar to the devastating emergency that put Ethiopia on the map for many Westerners 30 years ago. The tragic famine of 1984-5 introduced us all to Bob Geldof, an outspoken and charismatic campaigner who left behind his rock star career to shame the world into coming to the aid of a nation that was on its knees. All those years ago, Geldof’s efforts raised tens of millions, and mobilised people across the world to support ‘Band Aid’ and ‘Live Aid’ and end the misery of millions who were struggling to barely survive in Ethiopia and South Sudan.
The same old scenes
Yet, here we are over 30 years later – and the same old scenes are being played out in many of the same parts of this great continent, especially at the moment in East Africa. On the dusty plains in many east Africa countries, the rotting carcasses of cows, goats, donkeys and camels bake under the hot African sun. They are fodder for hungry vultures and stealthy hyenas.

Until recently, everything was going reasonably well for people in the region. Late last year things changed - rural poor households watched helplessly as day after day of cloudless skies heralded the arrival of yet another tough year for people who have been born to such toughness. But who could have known the depths to which such things might descend; who could have guessed that these particular bright blue skies were to herald the worst humanitarian crisis that Africa has seen in half a century.

The current food crisis in East Africa has been with us now for nigh on six months, and despite the best efforts of governments and international aid agencies, it shows little sign of relenting. By the day households are being forced to take dramatic steps – abandoning their homes and their farms, killing and selling their livestock, and doing all that is necessary to survive the toughest of times. In a region where wealth is often measured in the numbers of animals that a family owns, the loss of prize animals – the household insurance policy – is devastating.

Earlier this year, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), called East Africa’s condition “a deteriorated humanitarian situation”. Today the images and stories coming out of Ethiopia and its neighbouring countries are similarly heart breaking. In 2017, over 24 million people are on the brink of starvation and desperately in need of food, water and medical treatment. Drought and conflict mean that people are already dying in South Sudan and Somalia. In Kenya, the government has declared a national emergency and Ethiopia is battling a new wave of drought following the strongest El Niño weather on record. 
Time is running out
Many of the farmers in the drought and famine-affected areas didn't see this situation coming. At the beginning of 2016, rainfall forecasts showed a relatively normal year ahead. However, the failure of seasonal Belg rains meant that the planting season was limited and then when the typically strong Kiremt rains between July and September were also poor, the alarm bells sounded.

Now as we come towards the half way mark of 2017 the situation has become considerably worse. As a result, the rate of severe malnutrition is increasing rapidly, particularly among children, with more than 435,000 expecting to need life-saving therapeutic treatment this year alone. By March of this year over 20 million people needed food aid in many parts of the East of Africa. Such is the magnitude of this emergency that the Ethiopian Government has revised upwards its emergency funding appeal from $331.7 million last August to $1.4 billion today. Time is running out to procure enough food to meet these needs.

And all this is before fully measuring the humanitarian impact of the poor Kiremt rains — the worst in 50 years for much of the Ethiopian highlands, which produce 90 per cent of the nation’s crops. In those usually fertile lands, which stretch north from just outside Addis Ababa and cover an area roughly the size of Ireland, farmers are staring at empty fields instead of harvesting crops like teff, wheat, barley and sorghum.
We cannot turn our backs
East African countries, and in particular Ethiopia’s, global request for help couldn’t come at a worse time, as other large-scale humanitarian crises unfold in places like Syria, Iraq and Yemen and in lots of ways, the world seems to have turned its back and is just not interested in the plight of Africans any more. But we cannot turn our backs on Ethiopia and East African countries— we must learn from what the history books tell us about the region. You need only look back to the Horn of Africa drought in 2011, which affected 13 million people and resulted in more than 250,000 dying from hunger. Back then, the early warning signs began to emerge a full year earlier, yet the international community thought the crisis had peaked before they responded adequately. For many, it was too late.

In the years since that scandalous failure of the international system, a range of preventive measures have been put in place to ensure history did not repeat itself, including the implementation of large-scale drought resilience programmes, early warning weather reporting, and strong policy commitments from donor countries. But here we are again. This drought is forecast to be the worst in Ethiopia in 50 years, yet funding commitments from international donors are worryingly low. The Ethiopian Government has responded strongly, unlocking over $300 million in funding and showing real leadership. They expect to be able to handle most of the impact of the emergency themselves. Aid agencies are helping too. Now the international community must heed the warning and act urgently.

At Gorta-Self Help Africa, we are providing vital seed to farmers in Ethiopia, Kenya and Malawi, so that they have been able to plant the food crops they will need in the months ahead. We have distributed seed for a number of nutrient rich crops to more than 4,500 households in Kenya, while thousands more in Ethiopia are receiving seed now along with emergency food aid – so that they are ready to plant when the seasonal rains arrive in a few weeks times.
Ireland must play its part
With your help we will do much more. Ireland must play its part, like it did in 2011 when it gave much needed funding for the Horn of Africa drought response and was commended for its leadership in galvanising other donors to act. This is no ordinary year in Ethiopia. This is a “code red” and it needs to be treated like one. Hunger, drought, starvation and utter despair – will it ever end? Has nothing been achieved for all the money, time and effort that has gone into trying to end this kind of African human tragedy? The question is totally legitimate – as is the frustration and bewilderment that millions of people in Africa appear to be as vulnerable to this kind of catastrophe today as they were more than a quarter century ago. But I know from my own experience that things have changed in Africa a great deal over the past 30 years, and that there are signs of hope for the future.

I have something of a ‘vested interest’ in what happens in Ethiopia and East Africa. It’s a connection that started way back in 1984, when the images from Michael Buerk’s BBC report on the famine prompted me to change my own life, and begin a career that has seen me spend my life, since then, working to support the poor of the developing world. I worked in Ethiopia with a relief agency for a number of years, and a very important little part of this incredible country came closer to home in recent times, when we adopted two beautiful Ethiopian angels, Mia and Sophie, to create the family that we have today.

I have travelled to Ethiopia, and East Africa many times, and was back there recently with Ray Jordon, the CEO of Gorta Self Help Africa, who has just returned in the last few weeks from his most recent trip there to see for himself firsthand the devastation and the effects the drought is having on Ethiopian, Kenyan and Malawi people, especially those that are most vulnerable, the women and children.

Ethiopia is a magical place – from Old Testament times it was Abyssinia, home of The Queen of Sheba. It is unique in so many ways – having its own language and written script, its own very distinctive and distinguished people, its own culture, music and food. Ethiopia is a proud nation and only country in Africa that did not have a colonial occupier for a large part of its recent history.
A hand up, not a hand out
During my most recent visit I experienced the changes that have taken place – changes that I believe have been made possible in large part as a result of the growth and development of agriculture in Ethiopia, in recent times. As I walked through the streets of a booming Addis Abbaba, it was impossible not to note the transformation that is taking place in the country today. There is still great poverty for sure, but so too there are emerging new office blocks and hotels, major new multi-lane roads, the new light city rail trains and a city that is alive with enterprise and thriving businesses. In the countryside the transformation continues – and none more so than when I travelled with my colleagues from Gorta Self Help Africa’s to Hawassa and Butajira, to meet some of the communities who are working with our organisation today and benefiting from our hard work and from the generosity of the Irish people. We visited various households in their thatched roofed homes, saw farmers cooperative groups, and women who were making a living as a result of small credit loans they had received from the Gorta-Self Help Africa established Credit Unions to set up their own businesses.
These are simple people living simple lives, many without electricity and nearly all without running water to their homes, but they are getting by, and are doing much better than they had in the past. When we visited we saw that their grain stores were full, they had vegetables growing in their compounds, and they were proud to report that they could afford to send children to school, and were in a position to invest in small ‘luxuries’– such as pots, cooking utensils and clothing for the family. The picture was one of ‘self help’ – people who were working hard to make their lives better. These were people who had been given a hand up, not a hand out from charity, and they were proud of their achievements.

Which brings me back to the recent drought crisis and other difficulties in some parts of East Africa that causes so much suffering for so many poor and vulnerable people. As with all major humanitarian crises there is never just one cause – and in Africa over the past while the crisis was the result of severe drought, political instability and other factors. However, there was evidence too of some progress - as Ethiopia, which despite enduring the worst of some severe droughts over the past few years, was not as badly affected in terms of human suffering as neighbouring Somalia.  In Ethiopia, up to 80% of people rely directly on farming for their survival and economic well being, so it stands to reason that better farming – where people can grow more, earn more, and can have different crops from which to make a living – means people will be able to cope better as this crisis continues. The fact that no area of Ethiopia was hit by what was officially defined as ‘famine’ in the last year or two is a testimony to the hard work of a great number of people that increased the country’s farming production systems in the recent past. However, that seems about to change drastically as things are getting a lot worse and, according to experts, looks like food aid will be needed well into 2018 in East Africa and in other drought-stricken parts of Africa. The poor conditions in most part are believed to be caused by the periodic weather phenomenon El Nino. Much more needs to be done, as millions of people survive each day on the edge of a humanitarian emergency. If we want to prevent history repeating itself, we need to act now, before it’s too late.

We in Gorta-Self Help Africa are responding to the emergency by distributing essential food and seeds to households in Ethiopia, Kenya and Malawi. We are looking after some of the poorest people and families in need where thousands of people in Boset, Ethiopia, received maize last week as part of our emergency response to the current food crisis in East Africa. Each person received a 15kg bag of grain, providing them with nutritious food for the weeks ahead.
A rewarding journey 
Gorta Self Help Africa cannot, by any stretch of the imagination, take credit for this situation where many of its farmers are in a position to fully cope with the crisis. But the organisation I work for has been a contributor, and has played its part in helping the people and small holding farmers of Ethiopia and other parts of East Africa to move towards a time where hopefully hunger and poverty will no longer be a part of their future.  It is a long and slow road certainly, it is a journey that is both richly rewarding and worthwhile. We are hoping to organise events nationwide over the rest of 2017 and we are inviting students, companies, business people, households and staff alike to help us organise events or fundraisers or make a donation to raise funds for some of the world’s poorest people.

To make a donation or find out more about the work of Gorta Self Help Africa with its work and to ‘Act locally but impact globally’, you can make a credit or laser card donation by phoning 01-6778880 or simply send whatever you can afford to Gorta Self Help Africa, Westside Resource Centre, Seamus Quirke Road, Westside, Galway. Also if you would like to talk about organising a fundraiser or an event please contact me at ronan.scully@selfhelp africa.org. Because the needs of the poor are ongoing, the ideal way of supporting Gorta Self Help Africa is via a monthly standing order from your bank.

For people who have nothing, a little can mean a lot.  Please also see details on www.selfhelpafrica.org to take part in many fundraising events for Gorta Self Help Africa organised throughout the year or come up with your own Gorta Self Help Africa event or buy some of Gorta Self Help Africa’s Gift’s at www.selfhelpafrica.org. Thank you for your kindness.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Ethiopia: Meeting deadly disease head-on - Ethiopia | ReliefWeb


from UNOPS

Published on 26 Jul 2017 View Original
Ethiopia is one of the countries hardest hit by the strongest El Niño event in history. The natural hazards that followed have left more than 5 million people in need of life-saving emergency assistance.
Amidst the worst drought in decades, the people in the Somali region of Ethiopia watch their crops die and their livestock starve. With reduced access to food, clean water and sanitation facilities, as well as the inevitable lowered household incomes - thousands of people are falling victim to diseases like measles and acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), which in turn can lead to conditions like malnutrition. The poorest women, men and children are the most vulnerable.
Since 2015, there has been a surge in cases of AWD. Caused by bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms, the disease spreads through contaminated food and water, particularly in areas with poor sanitation facilities. AWD can last for days and the disease causes severe dehydration and fluid loss. The body is left drained of water and salts crucial for survival. Unfortunately, when food is scarce, people do what they must to survive.
Consider the community of Gabagabo kebele in the Tuli Guled district, which is all too familiar with AWD. A small local health centre is separated from the main road by 10 km of rough track that is hard to navigate on both wheels and foot. This stretch is even more daunting for someone in the throes of illness.
Patients who managed to make it to the centre found an under-resourced facility overwhelmed by the ever-growing number of AWD cases. "The Health Centre didn't have the required personnel or the supplies to treat cases," explained Mr. Mohammed Ahmed, Head, Gabagabo Health Centre .
There was just one ambulance and five workers on site.
In a joint response to the problem, a Case Treatment Centre (CTC) was set up within the grounds of the existing health centre. Five additional health workers and one vehicle were deployed to the facility. The CTC was equipped with medicine to treat AWD, water and sanitation supplies, and other items to support raising awareness in the communities.
Kelsuma Abdulahi, a mother of six, was unconscious when she was driven to the CTC. She had contracted AWD after consuming contaminated water. Kelsuma stayed in the centre for five days. However, the very next day her 20–year-old pregnant daughter got sick, which brought Kelsuma back to the centre, as a caregiver this time.
"The problem is affecting everyone in my family and I am forced to leave my home," she said.
She is not alone. Many around the country are faced with the same challenges.
The effort to mitigate the problem and prevent the spread of disease is an on-going priority for the Government and humanitarian partners alike.
About the project
In an effort to address the issue of AWD, the government deployed some 900 health workers to eight affected zones in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, which were fiercely hit by the disease.
In support of the government's effort, UNOPS signed a $1.7 million project agreement with the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund, managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) .
UNOPS support comes in three main ways. First, the provision and management of an efficient and timely payment system to benefit some 300 health care workers, who look after communities in remote and under-served areas. Second, the management of a 42-vehicle fleet that helps ferry staff and medicines to remote locations. And third, a supply chain management system that uses five heavy vehicles to move supplies from warehouses.
This 'common services' approach enhances and enables the overall AWD response in Ethiopia, which is a collaboration between Ethiopia's Region Health Bureau, the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the World Food Programme (WFP), UN Regional Coordination Office, OCHA, and international and national NGOs.

About Me

My photo

Prof. Muse Tegegne has lectured sociology Change &  Liberation  in Europe, Africa and Americas. He has obtained  Doctorat es Science from the University of Geneva.   A PhD in Developmental Studies & ND in Natural Therapies.  He wrote on the  problematic of  the Horn of  Africa extensively. He Speaks Amharic, Tigergna, Hebrew, English, French. He has a good comprehension of Arabic, Spanish and Italian.